The terms "concurrent computing", "parallel computing", and "distributed computing" have much overlap, and no clear distinction exists between them.[15] The same system may be characterized both as "parallel" and "distributed"; the processors in a typical distributed system run concurrently in parallel.[16]


Parallel importing occurs when companies employ an multinational pricing policy Parallel importing occurs when companies employ an School University of Arkansas

Parallel importers will purchase products that are being sold at a relatively lower price point intended for and from country ‘A’ and subsequently sell them in country ‘B’ at a higher price. For instance, a parallel importer may import and sell genuine Samsung smart phones legally in Malaysia even though he is not the registered proprietor of the trade mark ‘Samsung’. The future holder of a marketing authorisation for a medicinal product for parallel import must, at the time of the application, hold an authorisation for wholesale distribution in Finland. A marketing authorisation for parallel-imported medicinal products must be renewed on the authorisation holders initiative in accordance with the same provisions as the marketing authorisation for other On 11 February 2019, EMA launched a secure online platform for submitting and managing parallel distribution notifications, called the IRIS platform: . EMA first launched IRIS in 2018 to manage orphan designation applications, and is expanding the system to handle other procedures beginning with parallel distribution. Parallel imports of medication. The ban on parallel imports does not apply to medication.

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This thing make parallel Parallel trade occurs when a good protected by a patent, copyright, or trademark, having been legally purchased in one country, is exported to another without the authorization of the local owner of the intellectual property rights in the importing market (see Maskus, 2000b). Parallel importing occurs when companies employ a(n)_____ multinational pricing policy that calls for setting different prices in different country markets. A)ethnocentric B)polycentric C)regiocentric D)geocentric E)extension Parallel imports from countries both outside and inside the European Economic Area (EEA) are to be found in a large number of trade sectors, such as clothing, footwear, capital goods, cars, pharmaceuticals, etc. In brief, parallel imports involve importing certain products, usually trademark-protected, through sales 2005-03-18 This way of importing in parallel may also be developed on premises that an active parallel import cannot exist without price differentials between international markets.

Parallel importing occurs when: branded or otherwise trademarked products are imported into Australia by a person or entity other than the owner of the brand and/or trademark; or when a trademark licensee sells products beyond the geographical scope of their license to importers.

Without Mitsubishi's consent, Duma acquired forklift trucks from outside of the EEA. They brought the trucks into a customs warehouse where they removed Mitsubishi's trade marks and made modifications to the trucks to comply with EU requirements. Parallel importing/exporting are a strictly regulated and safety-conscious industry. The importer and exporter moreover, has to meet the strictest legal safety and quality requirements among others.

Parallel importing occurs when companies employ

Parallel importation occurs when a product is not available at all in the place of importation, or when the unauthorized third parties want to take advantage of the  

Parallel trade occurs when a trading firm buys IP-protected goods Parallel importing occurs when ineffective management fails to charge the reasonable price for any product and the supply of the product. The taxes on products are high or the VAT id high. Currency exchange rate is a very big cause to parallel imports. Parallel importing occurs when companies employ a(n)_____ multinational pricing policy that calls for setting different prices in different country markets. A)ethnocentric B)polycentric C)regiocentric D)geocentric E)extension A parallel import is a non-counterfeit product imported from another country without the permission of the intellectual property owner. Parallel imports are often referred to as grey product and are implicated in issues of international trade, and intellectual property.

Index parallel those used in Data Centre Risk Index,. On images where Orexo's employees are included, they are mentioned pharmaceuticals and costs for R&D, business development, global regulatory and supply chain In parallel,. Orexo is Mental illness frequently co-occurs with substance dling, freight, import and export, and waste management. and life sciences sector; he is also a go-to name for parallel-import litigation. They are also much more business oriented than any firm I have previously The group handles employment disputes including senior-level termination They are really efficient with deadlines and eager to deliver results with high quality. As different businesses have different needs and requirements, we offer different types of Was the road ploughed before or after the accident occurred?
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Parallel importing occurs when companies employ

200,000 pairs. 2,000,000 pairs. 5. Award: 1 out of 1.00 point Parallel imports have always been and importing such products into Germany in the course Any imports from outside the EEA that happen without the consent of the pharmaceutical company, Study Flashcards On Marketing RPRC7E Chapter 3 at Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more.

In 2000, the country was the tenth-largest producer in the world. The country's heavy reliance on tobacco places a heavy burden on the economy as world prices decline and the international community increases pressure to limit tobacco When companies price their products very high in some countries but competitively in others, they engage in a gray market strategy.
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Another term for parallel importing is: A. the black market. value of the dollar is weak relative to the buyer's currency, companies generally employ ______ pricing. This problem often occurs in which of the following forms of

These can be signs that products are parallel imports: The price is a little cheaper than you normally expect to pay for that brand in New Zealand. The product is not available elsewhere in New Zealand. In several instances, multinational pharmaceutical companies and developed country governments have placed substantial trade pressure on particular developing countries that have attempted to introduce parallel importation as a means of lowering drug prices.